Counties Passed through: Clark, Comanche, Kiowa, Edwards, Pawnee, Rush, Ellis, Rooks, Phillips, Norton, Decatur
US 183 first appeared in 1930 as a re-designation of K-23 between US 83 near Dresden north to the Nebraska border near Cedar Bluffs. By 1936, 183 had been graveled from the border to where the original road turned east south of Oberlin. The road was re-aligned straight to the south from Oberlin by the beginning of 1938, shifting the endpoint from Dresden to Selden.
In the fall of 1938, US 183 extended south to Texas. From Oberlin, US 183 followed US 36 east to Phillipsburg, K-1 from Phillipsburg south to Coldwater, US 160 from Coldwater west to Sitka, and K-34 from Sitka south to the Oklahoma Border.
In the fall of 1941, US 183 was moved to the old US 83 alignment Near Wodruff. K-1 between Phillipsburg and the junction with the former US 83 was designated as US 183, as was the entire K-1/US 183 concurrency.